SYMPOSIUM ON UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS
U.S. House of representatives,
Committee on Science and Astronautics
July 29, 1968
NCAS On-line Edition: Editorial Notes
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As with other documents placed on-line by NCAS, we have attempted to
preserve most aspects of the "look and feel" of the symposium record
as it was printed by the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO):
Page breaks and page numbering match the GPO document. We have
enhanced the visibility of these breaks to account for the fact
that the reader must scroll the document rather than turn physical
Typeset pages, such as those in the Symposium record, suffer from
"widow and orphan" problems, where a word or a short line, or a
portion of a hyphenated word, are on the wrong side of a page break.
Where they were noticed, these text fragments were moved to
the other side of the break.
GPO used two font sizes for most of the document: larger for oral
statements by committee members and witnesses, smaller for written
statements entered into the record. We have preserved this size
difference, but have not attempted to control exactly which font the
reader sees; font settings for your browser remain under your
control. Font size settings also remain under your control,
but you will always see a difference in size between oral and
OTHER ASPECTS OF "LOOK AND FEEL"
Certain specific items in the Symposium record required individual
treatment, either because they deviated from the general typographical
conventions of the document, or because we found it necessary to
introduce such deviations ourselves:
ERRORS IN THE ORIGINAL
There were several kinds of errors in the Symposium record to be dealt
Ordinary typos, where the correct spelling was obvious, were simply
corrected without noting the correction.
Omitted words, where the word that would fill the gap was fairly
obvious, have been filled in with the filler word enclosed in square
In some cases, the correct word[s] could not be determined; these
have been flagged with the standard "sic" notation.
Some lengthy transcription errors resulted in entire sentences being
garbled. Correcting these involved an exercise of judgment as to
what the speaker actually intended to say. Where they occur, they
are explained with an "NCAS Editor's Note."
TABLES AND GRAPHICS
Tables and graphics in the Symposium record were of uneven quality, so
preserving their information content in the transition from paper to
monitor screen was a persistent problem:
The photographs in the symposium record were standard halftone
prints, made up of a large number of small dots similar to the
photographs in a newspaper but with somewhat higher resolution. It
was necessary to apply "gamma correction" and brightness/contrast
adjustments to some of them, in order that the on-line images would
display more shades of gray, plus some fine detail that had been
obscured in the original raw scan.
In other cases (mostly graphs and labeled drawings), the size
adjustment necessary to fit the image to the screen resulted in an
unacceptable loss of detail. In those cases, we have included a copy
of the image in its original size, available as a link from the
screen-fitting image. Even then, some fine detail such as small text
labels might be obscure. In those cases, the image can be saved on
your machine and viewed with an image editor that has a "zoom"
A number of image scans show noticeable "bleed-through" of text from
the reverse side of the original page. GPO used unusually thin paper
in printing the record, and we had only limited success in our
efforts to correct this problem.
The physical appearance of the tables deviates from that of the
tables as typeset in the original record. The HTML "table" construct
has been utilized to take advantage of the inherent flexibility of
the browser in the display of tabular data. The tables will expand
and contract as the user moves the margins back and forth to enhance
readability. The data in the tables are unaltered.
We have incorporated a number of features similar to those in the
Colorado report, to assist the reader in moving through the Symposium
Each item in the table of contents is a link to the contribution of
a single Symposium participant. Some participants were witnesses,
appearing in person and giving oral testimony; these participants
also contributed written statements for inclusion in the record.
Other participants did not appear in person, but provided written
Inside each main item is a set of sub-links to the testimony and
written statement[s] of the participant. In some
cases, these written statements are themselves provided with
sub-links. In almost every case, the reader is no more than
five or six pages away from a "BACK" link that leads eventually
all the way to the title page.
Graphic images are shown as "thumbnails" that link to the full
screen-size version of that same image. This strategy promotes more
rapid loading of the main text pages for each participant. The
browser's "back-arrow" returns the reader to the place where the
All the graphic images from the Symposium have been collected into an
additional set of thumbnails, linked off the main table of contents,
for convenience in browsing these images.
Dr. McDonald's written statement contained an extensive numbered and
dated list of sightings that he described in some detail to support
his position. Many of these cases have also been described and
commented on by other writers and investigative groups. For the
convenience of the reader who might wish to compare the views of
these other investigators with those of Dr. McDonald, an auxiliary
table of contents (linked off the table of contents and from Dr.
McDonald's statement) containing links to his case descriptions has
been provided. It lists the cases both chronologically and grouped by
type in the same manner as Dr. McDonald grouped them.
Jim Giglio, NCAS
Editor and Workgroup Coordinator
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